欢迎来到为学网题库中心! 为学网在线题库首页
为学网——题库

当前位置:首页 > 高中英语

  • 按考点检索

为学网

  • 阅读理解。
         No air means death. Although we can't see it, there is air around us. So air is everything and it gives life
    to every living thing. Bad air makes people ill. We must have fresh air to keep us in good health.
         In the city there are a great many people and there are too many cars running on the roads. The gas which
    the cars spread out is full of poison. Every day we breathe it in again and again. This makes us feel sick.
         Besides so many cars, there are many factories too. From the chimneys of these factories, we get the
    smoke usually in black and grey colour. This kind of smoke, when it mixes the air, is dangerous to our health.
    It is because smoke contains many poisonous solids and gases. So in order to keep us healthy we have to go
    out to the countryside to breathe more fresh air. Or we can go up hills to get more fresh air.
    1. Which of the following best explains that no air means death?
    [     ]
    A. Air gives life to every living thing
    B. Air can't be seen anywhere around us
    C. Bad air makes people sick
    D. Fresh air keeps people healthy
    2. According to the passage, we know that            .
    [     ]
    A. going up hills is very good to our health
    B. smoke from chimneys is more serious than gas from cars
    C. We shouldn't go out of doors as much as possible
    D. A great many people have to breathe air again and again
    3. The best title for the passage is            .
    [     ]
    A. Fresh Air
    B. The Use Of Air
    C. Breathing Air
    D. Bad Air

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         Most of us lead unhealthy lives; we spend far too much sitting down. If in addition we are careless about
    our diets, our bodies soon become loose and fatty and our systems slow moving.
         There are some aspects (方面) of our unhealthy lives that we cannot avoid. I am thinking of such features
    of modern city life as pollution, noise, rushed meals and stress. But keeping fit is a way to reduce the effects
    of these evils. The usual suggestion to a person who is looking for a way to keep fit is to take up some sport
    or other. While it is true that every weekend you will find people playing football and hockey in the local park,
    they are outnumbered a hundred to one by the people who are simply watching them.   
          For those who do not particularly enjoy competitive sports - and it is especially difficult to do so if you
    are not good at them - there are such separate activities as cycling, walking, jogging and swimming. What
    often happens though is that you do them in such a leisurely way, so slowly, that it is doubtful if you are
    doing yourself much good, except for the fact that you have at least managed to get up out of your armchair.   
          Even after you have found a way for keeping in shape, through sport or gymnastics, you are still only
    half way to good health, because, according to the experts, you must also master the art of complete mental
    and physical relaxation (放松). It has to do with deep breathing, emptying your mind of all thoughts,
    meditation, and so on. Yoga, as practiced in the West, is the most widely known and popular of the systems
    for achieving the necessary state of relaxation. It seems ironical (讽刺性的), though, that as our lives have
    improved in a material sense we have found it increasingly necessary to go back to forms of activity-physical
    effort on the one hand and relaxation on the other - which were the natural way of life of our forefathers.
    1. Pollution, noise and stress are examples of _____.
    [     ]
    A. the causes of unfitness
    B. bad features of modern living
    C. the things we can completely do away with
    D. unavoidable things in town
    2. We don't get much out of separate sports because we _____.
    [     ]
    A. don't do them very often
    B. don't do them actively enough
    C. find it hard to get out of our armchairs
    D. don't find them interesting
    3. To be healthy we must _____.
    [     ]
    A. keep fit and active
    B. keep fit and learn to relax
    C. be active and practise Yoga
    D. have a sound mind
    4. Our forefathers were healthy because _____.
    [     ]
    A. their way of life closely connected with both exercise and relaxation
    B. they were careful to get plenty of fresh air
    C. they spent most of the time out of doors
    D. their environment was not polluted

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are a major cause of climate change, and now a new
    study has confirmed that atmospheric CO2 is also affecting the ocean chemistry and potentially harming
    sea life.
          Montana State University scientist Robert Dore has been researching the water in the Pacific Ocean for
    almost two decades.
          "We've been going to the same spot in the Pacific Ocean, and we try and characterize long-term change
    in the open ocean environment. And one of the key things that we measure is CO2 levels. And we've been
    able to record this increasing quantity of atmospheric CO2 into the ocean."
          Scientists expected that as atmospheric CO2 increased, more and more of the carbon dioxide would be
    absorbed into the ocean, affecting the chemical balance of the sea water, with a potentially harmful impact
    on shellfish and coral in particular.
          "As carbon dioxide dissolves (溶解) in the water, or seawater in this case, it forms a weak acid, carbonic
    acid," Dore explains."And therefore, as the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere goes up and that
    exchanges with the surface seawater, it drives the pH down, and makes it more acidic."
          The seawater Dore and his colleagues have analyzed confirms what the theory predicts.
          The effect was particular striking at about 250 meters down, and again at 500 meters. Dore and his
    colleagues came up with two possible explanations. It could be that surface water picked up CO2 and then
    moved to those depths. Or there could be a biological explanation.
         "It's important to realize that the oceans are really becoming acidic. And it can have negative impacts on
    a whole variety of sea life from fish to coral. It's potentially catastrophic."
    1. What can be the best title of the passage?
    [     ]
    A. Sea Life Facing Danger
    B. Scientist Researching Seawater
    C. Oceans Becoming More Acidic
    D. Climate Change Affecting Seawater
    2. Which of the following shows the process of the impact of atmospheric CO2 on sea life?
        a. Sea life is endangered.
        b. CO2 goes into the surface water.
        c. The ocean chemistry is affected.
        d. CO2decreases the PH and makes the seawater more acidic.
        e. CO2 levels in the atmosphere go up.
    [     ]
    A. a-b-c-d-e
    B. e-b-c-d-a
    C. a-e-b-c-d
    D. e-d-c-b-a
    3. Scientist Robert Dore came to the conclusion based on ______.
    [     ]
    A. his research and analysis
    B. the expectation of other scientists
    C. some former theory
    D. a major cause of climate change
    4. What does the passage want to tell us most?
    [     ]
    A. It takes time to make a scientific study.
    B. Atmospheric CO2 is doing harm to sea life.
    C. Robert Dore is a committed and serious scientist.
    D. Measures should be taken to prevent the potential catastrophe.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         Could you stand the noise of a street-sweeping truck going up and down the street outside of your house
    three times a week at 4 a.m.? The noise-described by Blomberg as "loud as a NASCAR (全国运动汽车竞赛
    协会) race car but at a speed of 5 miles per hour-annoyed him so much that he tried to persuade the city to
    rearrange for street sweeping to begin at 6 a. m. He also founded the non-profit Noise Pollution Clearinghouse,
    an organization that provides research and information to others whose request for quiet might otherwise fall
    on deaf ears.
          Hearing loss is the most obvious medical consequence of noise pollution, but it is hardly the only one,
    explains environmental psychologist Airline Bronzaft. In her research, Bronzaft found that constant noise
    exposure can reduce children's learning ability and cognitive (认知的) development."Most importantly, each
    day, you've got to take a break from sound regularly." says Bronzaft.
         "The bad news," says Blomberg, "is that the last century was the noisiest in history. The good news," he
    continues, "is that the greener we get, the quieter we'll also get." Electric cars and lawn equipment make less
    noise, just as more fuel-efficient vehicles. Improved technology can also provide measures to make the
    problem less serious. Police cars could replace those loud sirens (警报器) with models that better aim the
    sound in one direction.
         "I don't think you can name a noise source that I can't find a way to make it quieter," says Blomberg. But
    the real challenge is to change people's attitudes." In the 1960s, we made it unacceptable to throw litter out of
    the window of your car," he says. Today it's time to recognize that"noise is to the soundscape as rubbish is
    to the landscape." The goal is to "create a culture where you do not throw your 'noise' litter out of the
    window."

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          In many societies, there is often greater acceptance of light skin than dark skin. Light skin may be seen
    as a mark of beauty, intelligence and success. These beliefs can lead to social pressure even within the same
    racial or ethnic group, if some members are darker skinned than others.
          The result is that skin lightening has become a common activity across Africa, Asia and other areas of
    the world. More and more people with dark skin are using skin-lightening products, even if they may face
    health risks.
          They believe that having whiter skin will improve their lives. Many people think they will have a better
    chance of getting a job or marrying into a better family. Or they want to look like what their society generally
    considers beautiful.
          Some beauty care products and soaps contain chemicals that make skin lighter. This process is also called
    bleaching. But some of the chemicals are extremely dangerous. One of the chemicals has been linked to
    kidney (肾) damage and some kinds of cancer. It also causes low birth weight in babies when mothers use it
    during pregnancy.
          At first, bleaching products make the skin color lighter. But after long-term use they can cause problems.
    They can even make some skin darker. The chemicals in the products block and break down the natural
    process that gives color to skin. The skin loses its natural barrier to protect against sunlight. Then the skin
    can become thick and discolored. Usually the person will use more of the product in an effort to correct the
    problem, but this only makes it worse.
          Fatimata Ly treats skin conditions in the Senegalese capital, Dakar. Doctor Ly says skin bleaching has
    become a problem throughout Senegal. She says the chemicals are now more dangerous because they are
    stronger. Some cases have resulted in blackened fingernails, infections and permanent skin damage.
          And these are not the only risks. Experts say some people who change their skin color suffer emotional
    damage. They feel regret and sadness. They feel that instead of risking their health, they should have learned
    to love and accept their skin color as it was.
    1. Which of the following words can replace the underlined word "bleaching"?
    [     ]
    A. whitening
    B. changing
    C. lighting
    D. pleasing
    2. Why has the skin lightening become a common activity all over the world?
    [     ]
    A. There are many products that can make the dark skin light.
    B. Many people with dark skin have no confidence.
    C. Relatively speaking, light skin has more advantages over dark skin.
    D. People with dark skin are forced by the pressure of their families.
    3. According to the text the following are the risks using the bleaching products EXCEPT ______.
    [     ]
    A. blackened fingernails
    B. permanent skin damage
    C. emotional damage
    D. a waste of time and money
    4. From the text we can conclude the writer's attitude toward using the bleaching products is
        probably ______.
    [     ]
    A. supportive
    B. positive
    C. doubtful
    D. negative

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         Illegal removal of coral (珊瑚) along Sri Lanka's coastline increased the amount of destruction on the
    island by last December's tsunami, say researchers.
         Harindra Fernando, a fluid dynamicist (力学家) at Arizona State University in Tempe, made the connection
    after a visit to his native Sri Lanka earlier this year. While serving as a scientific expert and translator for a
    BBC-documentary team, he chatted with locals who said they saw the tsunami turn sideways when it hit
    coral-which would have made it less powerful than in coral-free areas. Fernando linked this to trucks he had
    seen last year carrying piles of coral away from the sea.
         Using the eyewitness reports, estimates (估算) of wave heights, and a series of divers to check the
    presence or absence of corals, Fernando and his colleagues produced a map of coral gaps and wave flooding
    along Sri Lanka's southwest coast.
         The tsunami reached significantly farther inland through the gaps: in one instance, the water traveled 1.5
    kilometres long and knocked a passenger train off its tracks, killing 1,700. But only a few kilometers away,
    where the coral was still undamaged, the wave travelled just 50 metres inland and caused no deaths.
         There is a similar phenomenon. In Nicaragua in 1992, a tsunami poured through a break in the coral reef
    made to let boats through. "Within this passage, water went one kilometre inland," says Fernando. "But
    nearby, where the coral was undamaged, there were still beach umbrellas standing."
         In Sri Lanka, coral is illegally mined to provide souvenirs for tourists, or to be used in house paint. Coral
    harvesters sometimes blow it up with dynamite (炸药) in order to collect fish at the same time. Often, the
    reefs in the best shape are those in front of hotels, as the hotel owners maintain them for the tourists.
    Fernando hopes that his findings will encourage the Sri Lankan government to enforce (实施) its laws against
    coral mining.
    1. Harindra Fernando did all the following EXCEPT ______.

    [     ]

    A. serving as a translator for a BBC-documentary team
    B. helping the Sri Lankan government enforce its laws against coral mining
    C. producing a map of coral gaps along Sri Lanka's southwest coast
    D. linking the coral removal with the destruction of Tsunami
    2. The main idea of Paragraph 5 is that ______.

    [     ]

    A. undamaged coral can greatly decrease tsunami damage
    B. coral-free area is a danger to passenger trains
    C. in general, water travels 30 times farther inland in a coral-free area
    D. it is urgent to enforce laws against coral mining
    3. Which of the following may NOT be the cause of coral gaps?

    [     ]

    A. Boat passages.
    B. Tourists' sightseeing.
    C. Fish collecting.
    D. Tourists' souvenirs.
    4. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

    [     ]

    A. Harindra Fernando, a Great Environment Protector
    B. Stop Using Coral as Souvenirs
    C. Coral Cried "Help! Help!"
    D. Coral Mining Enhanced (加剧) Tsunami Damage

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          If you are a male and you are reading this, congratulations: you are a survivor. According to statistics,
    you are more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer than a woman, and nine times more likely to die of
    AIDS. Assuming you make it to the end of your natural term, about 78 years for men in Australia, you will
    die on average five years before a woman. 
          There are many reasons for this, men take more risks than women and are more likely to drink and
    smoke, but perhaps more importantly, men don't go to the doctor.
          "Men aren't seeing doctors as often as they should," says Dr. Gullotta, "This is particularly so for the
    over-40s, when diseases tend to strike." Gullotta says a healthy man should visit the doctor every year or
    two. For those over 45,it should be at least once a year.
          According to a recent survey, 95%of women aged between 15 and early 40s see a doctor once a year,
    compared to 70% of men in the same age group.
          "A lot of men think they are invincible (不可战胜的)" Gullotta says "They only come in when a friend
    drops dead on the golf course and they think 'Dear me, if it could happen to him, …'"
          Then there is the ostrich (鸵鸟) approach, "Some men are scared of what might be there and would
    rather not know," says Dr. Ross Cartmill. "Most men get their cars serviced more often than they service
    their bodies," Cartmill says. He believes most diseases that commonly affect men could be addressed by
    preventive check-ups. Regular check-ups for men would inevitably (不可避免地) place stress on the public
    purse. Cartmill says. "But prevention is cheaper in the long run than having to treat the diseases. Besides, the
    final cost is far greater."
    1. Which is the most important reason why men die five years earlier on average than women according to
        the passage?
    [     ]
    A. Men drink and smoke much more than women.
    B. Men aren't as cautious as women in face of danger.
    C. Men don't seek medical care as often as women.
    D. Men are more likely to suffer from fatal diseases.
    2. Which of the following best completes the sentence "Dear me, if it could happen to him,…" in paragraph5?
    [     ]
    A. I should avoid playing golf.
    B. I should consider myself lucky.
    C. it would be a big misfortune.
    D. it could happen to me, too.
    3. What does Dr. Ross Cartmill mean by "the ostrich approach" in paragraph 6?
    [     ]
    A. A new treatment for certain psychological problems.
    B. Refusal to get medical treatment for fear of the pain involved.
    C. Unwillingness to find out about one's disease because of fear.
    D. A casual attitude towards one's health conditions.
    4. What does Cartmill say about regular check-ups for men?
    [     ]
    A. They may increase public expenses.
    B. They will save money in the long run.
    C. They may cause psychological stress on men.
    D. They will enable men to live as long as women.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Speaking of Copenhagen, what do you think of? The little Mermaid, the fairy tale writer H.C. Anderson,
    the COP15 meetings, or a city where people bike even though they have cars.
          When landing on Copenhagen Tasstrup Airport, you can see numbers of white propeller generators
    standing in the blue waterfront. The constant moving paddles are producing renewable energy to the city.
    During the recent Climate Change Conference, the city was introduced to the world as an example of
    climate-friendly city. Evidences other than wind power stations were obvious everywhere.
          While private cars can be a great source of pollution in other cities, the main form of transport in the
    capital of Denmark is, however, public transportation. By public transportation, I mean one of very good
    quality. Buses are usually Volvo and most of the traffic lights are of Siemens. Additionally, buses, metros
    and intercity-trains (named S-train) are well equipped, constantly maintained, special and good-looking. The
    seats in the trains are of sofa-designed. Sticky gum or dirty spot rarely appear. Thanks to a small population,
    it is much easier to maintain the condition of the vehicles. Free wireless internet service is provided in S-trains.
    Seats are always possible even at rush hours if the passenger is patient enough to look for it. Taking the
    convenience for granted, Danish people find it hard to imagine how the metro in Tokyo can be as crowded
    as a "sardin can". Pets and baby-wagons are allowed in buses, subways and S-trains. All the facilities enable
    better service to bigger passenger group. It is also notable that the mass transit uses green fuels and electricity.
          Cars are common in Copenhagen, but people have an alternative of short distance transport: bikes.
    Denmark is known as bike-friendly for many reasons, such as flat land, splendid cycle ways, and the Danish
    fond of motion. But please be aware that riding a bike in Copenhagen is not like biking in Beijing. First of all,
    it is quite speedy. Many people ride to work every morning. Punctuality is important and they have to ride as
    fast as possible to be on time. So why not speed up? Not my philosophy. As a result, I am often hastened by
    impatient riders who unfortunately piled up after me. Second, considering the speed, bike helmets, front and
    back lights and other necessary accessories are required. Riders need to set a white light in the front of the
    bike and red light at the back. One may end up with a big fine if not riding with them.
    1. In the passage we get to know that _____.
    [     ]
    A. all energy come from wind power stations
    B. different kinds of green energy keep this city running
    C. a lot of electricity is imported from other countries
    D. people in this city use little energy
    2. S-trains are a kind of transportation _____.
    [     ]
    A. which send their passengers from one city to another
    B. which uses wind to run their ways
    C. which is the only way for you to go from one city to another
    D. which you are not allowed to take if you take a pet
    3. In the last paragraph what does "Punctuality" mean?
    [     ]
    A. Being fit
    B. Not being scolded
    C. Not being late
    D. Speeding
    4. In Copenhagen if you ride too slow, _____.
    [     ]
    A. you will be fined by police
    B. it means that you need to buy a better bike
    C. you may block the traffic flow
    D. many bike riders will shout at you

    查看解析

  • 短文填词
          It is said that each year China consumes 15 billion lunch           
    boxes, _______ which over a half are not q ualified products.      
     These cheap lunch boxes pose threat to h_______. They             
    contain _______ (有毒的) chemicals, which could harm human       
    digestive and nervous systems, and even _______ cancers. Experts   
    suggest that consumers take their own table-ware _______ them rather  
    than use that _______ (提供) by restaurants. If you really need to  
    use a restaurant lunch box, _______ carefully first. Those which  
    break or leak easily, or smell t_______ are not suitable for you 
    to use them _______ your lunch container. If you are careful about  
    what you eat your lunch from , you will also do your part in p______  
    our environment at the same time.                                  
    1.______   
    2.______    
    3.______    
    4.______    
    5.______                                     
    6.______   
    7.______     
    8.______ 
    9.______    
    10.______   

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Everyone makes mistakes in life, but for whales and dolphins, the "mistake" of landing on the shore
    costs the highest price-their lives.
          People living along the coast of Australia and New Zealand have been shocked and saddened by the
    number of whales and dolphins that they have found on their beaches recently. Since November 28th, 96
    whales and dolphins have died in Australia and 53 whales died in New Zealand. Although 20 whales were
    saved, some of these were not expected to live, as they were too weak to swim with the others back to
    sea.
          Bob Brown, leader of Australia's Green party, said the mass beaching was caused by the recent "sound
    bombing" of the ocean floor between the two countries. This is a method of testing for oil and gas reserves
    (储藏量).
          But mass beaching of whales has long puzzled scientists. Typically most members of the stranded (搁
    浅) group will appear to be perfectly healthy. "Some researchers believe that close relationship within the
    group causes the problem, if one gets into trouble, the others will not leave" said Shery Gibney, a leading
    biologist in New Zealand. "Some will come in and try and assist it; if they get trapped on the beach, then
    more will come."
          Another common theory is that the whales' navigation (导航) system are thought to break down in some
    way. It has been said that whales follow electromagnetic (电磁的) patterns in the sea-bed. The whales can
    get confused because these patterns sometimes change. That would be a bit like a new roundabout (环状交
    叉路) being built on a road you were used to driving on. You might be confused for a minute when you
    come to it for the first time, and you might even take a wrong turning before getting back on your route.
          A different idea is that when whales chase fish for food they end up in shallow waters because they are
    not paying attention to where they are going.
          And yet, from time to time a group will swim on purpose into shallow waters and end up on the beach,
    where they die. If returned to the sea, some whales often show great determination in restraining themselves.
    1. ______ whales and dolphins would probably die in this mass beaching along the coast of Australia and
        New Zealand.
    [     ]
    A. Less than 100
    B. Less than 150
    C. More than 150
    D. 149
    2. Which of the following can be used to explain the term "sound bombing"?
    [     ]
    A. The terrible sound that is caused in the war between two countries.
    B. Human activities that aim to explore the ocean floor.
    C. The loud sound that whales and dolphins make.
    D. The earthquakes that happen on the ocean floor.
    3. Which of the following couldn't probably lead to the mass beaching of whales?
    [     ]
    A. A change in the electromagnetic patterns that whales follow.
    B. New roundabout being built on a road.
    C. Their full attention to the search for food.
    D. Exploiting natural resources in oceans.
    4. The passage is mainly about ______.
    [     ]
    A. that whales and dolphins may make mistakes as well as human beings
    B. how scientists have found the reasons for the mass beaching of whales
    C. how human beings make use of the ocean resources
    D. why the mass beaching of whales happens

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Growing numbers of people are becoming addicted to text messaging (手机信息), a German doctor
    warned recently.
          Psychotherapist (采用精神疗法的医生) Andreas Herter estimated that there were some 380,000
    sufferers in Germany. Herter based his prediction (预测) on the growing number of manic mobile phone
    users among patients arriving at his Hanover clinic (诊所) for addiction treatment.
          "Text message addiction is a real and serious illness because it causes mental and financial damage,"
    said Herter. "The problem leads to depression and personality disorders, not to mention skyrocketing
    (飞涨的) phone bills."
          For example, a teenage boy spent 8,900 euros (US$11,000) texting people he didn't even know and
    a married couple could only communicate by text message, even when they were sitting side by side.
    1. The passage is mainly to tell us ______.
    [     ]
    A. why people like text messaging
    B. text messaging has many advantages
    C. overusing text message does great harm
    D. text messaging does no good
    2. Herter thinks text message addiction is ______.
    [     ]
    A. acceptable
    B. easy to deal with
    C. unreasonable
    D. worrying
    3. The examples given in the last paragraph are used to show ______.
    [     ]
    A. text message addiction is a serious diseas
    B. they care about nothing else but text message
    C. sending text message is their only hobby
    D. they are very rich

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
                                                                      L1PITOR
    ABOUT LIPITOR
          Lipitor is a prescription medicine. Along with diet and exercise, it lowers "bad" cholesterol (胆固醇)
    in your blood. It can also raise "good" cholesterol.
          Lipitor can lower the risk of heart attack in patients with several common risk factors, including
    family history of early heart disease, high blood pressure, age and smoking.
    WHO IS LIPITOR FOR?
    Who can take LIPITOR:
    · People who cannot lower their cholesterol enough with diet and exercise
    · Adults and children over l0
    Who should NOT take LIPITOR:
    · Women who are pregnant, may be pregnant, or may become pregnant. Lipitor may harm your unborn
         baby.
    · Women who are breast-feeding.Lipitor can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby.
    · People with liver (肝脏) problems
    POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPITOR
    Serious side effects in a small number of people:
    ·Muscle (肌肉) problems that can lead to kidney (肾脏) problems, including kidney failure
    ·Liver problems. Your doctor may do blood tests to check your liver before you start Lipitor and while
        you are taking it.
    Call your doctor right away if you have:
    ·Unexplained muscle pain or weakness, especially if you have a fever or feel very tired
    ·Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and/or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing
    · Stomach pain
    Some common side effects of LIPITOR are:
    · Muscle pain
    · Upset stomach
    · Changes in some blood tests

    HOW TO TAKE LIPITOR
    DO:
    · Take Lipitor as prescribed by your doctor.
    · Try to eat heart-healthy foods while you take Lipitor.
    · Take Lipitor at any time of day, with or without food.
    · If you miss a dose (一剂), take it as soon as you remember. But ifit has been more than 12 hours
         since your missed dose, wait. Take the next dose at your regular time.
    Don't:
    · Do not change or stop your dose before talking to your doctor.
    · Do not start new medicines before talking to your doctor.
    1. What is a major function of Lipitor?
    [     ]
    A. To help quit smoking.
    B. To control blood pressure.
    C. To improve unhealthy diet.
    D. To lower "bad" cholesterol.
    2. Taking Lipitor is helpful for _____.
    [     ]
    A. breast-feeding women
    B. women who are pregnant
    C. adults having heart disease
    D. teenagers with liver problems
    3. If it has been over 12 hours since you missed a dose, you should _____.
    [     ]
    A. change the amount of your next dose
    B. eat more when taking your next dose
    C. have a dose as soon as you remember
    D. take the next dose at your regular time
    4. Which of the following is a common side effect of taking Lipitor?
    [     ]
    A. Face swelling.
    B. Upset stomach.
    C. Kidney failure.
    D. Muscle weakness.
    5. What is the main purpose of the passage?
    [     ]
    A. To teach patients ways for quick recovery.
    B. To present a report on a scientific research.
    C. To show the importance of a good lifestyle.
    D. To give information about a kind of medicine.

    查看解析

  • 阅读下面短文并回答问题。
          [1]One of many important things for the whole family to do is to have dinner together. Researchers
    began reporting the benefits of family dinner about a decade ago, focusing mainly on how it affects children.
    Studies show that those families who eat dinner at least 3 or 4 times a week together, benefit in many ways.
          [2]Eating together helps families achieve open communication and build stronger and healthier relationships. Children have better grades at school and are better adjusted as teens and adults, and the entire family enjoys
    healthier nutrition. For many families, eating dinner together proves to be a good and effective way to reduce
    the risk of youth rates of addiction, and helps to raise healthier children. It is also a great time to share the
    events of the day, discuss news and ideas or just be together and enjoy each other's company.
          [3]During dinner time parents have better opportunity to show that they are the prior to their children.
    Sitting at the same table and sharing meals is where and when parents can find out more about their children's
    school performance, daily activities and attitudes toward life. When parents have all this information they can
    better direct their kids toward positive things in life. They also have better chance to reduce the possibility that
    children will get involved with alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drugs.

          [4]However, family researchers say that the benefits of family dinner by no means can be considered as
    automatic. Parents can sit down to dinner with their kids every day and achieve nothing. __________________
    __ if there is too much arguing going on, if there is no meaningful conversation or, what is even worse, if there
    is just plain silence during gathering.
    1. What is the main idea of the text? (no more than 8 words)
         ________________________________________________________________
    2. Which sentence in the text is closest in meaning to the following one? By having dinner together family
         members can have free exchange of information and develop closer ties among them.
         ________________________________________________________________
    3. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words. (no more than 8 words)
         ________________________________________________________________
    4. What information can parents probably get about their children at family dinner? (no more than 12 words)
         ________________________________________________________________
    5. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 into Chinese.
         _______________________________________________________________

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
                                                                          Paragraph 1
          Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of food people need. They say that there are several kinds of
    food that people should eat every day. They are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds. (2) citrus (柑桔)
    fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; (4) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk
    and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal (谷类), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something
    like butter.
                                                                          Paragraph 2
         People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are
    cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the
    day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day.
    Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn't matter whether foods are eaten raw
    (生的) or cooked, canned or frozen. It doesn't matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o'clock in the afternoon or
    at eleven o'clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day.
                                                                          Paragraph 3
         There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on earth. The first is to find some
    ways to feed the world's population so that no one is hungry.
         The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to
    be strong and healthy.
    1. According to the scientists, which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch?
    [     ]
    A. chicken, apples, cereal, cabbages
    B. potatoes, carrots, rice, bread
    C. oranges, bananas, fish, tomatoes
    D. beef, pork, fish, milk
    2. It is important for people to eat _____.
    [     ]
    A. three times a day
    B. dinner at the right time
    C. cooked food all the day
    D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day
    3. Which of the following is NOT true?
    [     ]
    A. People in some places don't have enough to eat.
    B. There are too many people in the world.
    C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry.
    D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy.
    4. If there is Paragraph 4, what do you think is going to be talked about?
    [     ]
    A. When people should eat
    B. What to do with the two problems
    C. How to cook food in different ways
    D. Why people eat different kinds of food

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。

          Do you love holidays but hate the increase weight that follows? You are not alone.
          Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the
    weight that comes along with these delicious foods.
          With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but
    not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions
    may be of some help to you.
          Do not miss meals. Before yon leave home for a feast (宴会), have a small, low-fat snack (小吃). This
    may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. Begin with clear soup and fruit or
    vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate; a large plate will
    encourage you to have more than enough. 
          Better not have high-fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them.
          Choose lean meat (瘦肉). Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables.
          If you have a sweet tooth, try mints (薄荷) and fruits. They don't have fat content as cream and
    chocolate.
          Don't let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20-minute walk after a meal can help burn off
    excess (过多的) calories (卡路里).

    1. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may _____.
    [     ]
    A. bring you much trouble in your life
    B. bring weight problems
    C. make you worried about your foods
    D. make you hate delicious foods
    2. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, you'd better _____.
    [     ]
    A. not eat the food in high fat
    B. drink much water and have vegetables only
    C. not accept invitations to feasts
    D. turn away from delicious foods
    3. According to the passage, _____ is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight.
    [     ]
    A. vegetables
    B. water
    C. calories of energy
    D. physical exercise
    4. Excess calories can be found in your body in the form of _____.
    [     ]
    A. energy
    B. fat
    C. food
    D. something invisible (看不见)

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          A new computer treatment is being used to deal with obesity in children. Connected to a small dining set,
    consisting of (包括) scales and a plate, a mini computer teaches children how to eat and reminds them when
    to stop.
          "In very fat people, hunger signals from the stomach to the brain stop functioning. But the new computer
    system teaches the children how to receive these messages again," says Dr. Julian Hamilton-Shield, the Bristol
    University senior lecturer leading the treatment trials.(实验).
          The computer, called a Mandometer, records and stores the weight loss from the plate when children eat.
    As the food is leaving the plate, a curve (曲线) is produced on the computer screen suggesting whether the
    child is eating too quickly.
           "Children with weight problems often eat too quickly. We want them to eat steadily (稳定地) and slowly
    and the system teaches them to slow down. It's a bit like retraining," says Hamilton-Shield.
           Obesity now represents (代表) one of the major threats to the future health of children. About one in five
    boys and one in four girls aged two to fifteen in England are overweight. But so far no treatments have proven
    effective in treating children. 
          The Mandometer was developed in Sweden, but at present is experiencing further development at the
    University of Bristol, with $ 224,400 in funds from BUPA-a global health and care organization. The system
    could be on the market in two years' time. At first, it would be managed by medical clinics (诊所).
    1. The text is mainly written to explain ______.
    [     ]
    A. how a new computer treatment dealing with obesity works
    B. why child obesity becomes a topic of people
    C. how to lose weight with the help of computers
    D. why a computer is effective (有效的) in dealing with child obesity
    2. The word "functioning" in paragraph 3 probably means ______.
    [     ]
    A. eating
    B. working
    C. lasting
    D. losing
    3. Obesity threatens the health of children, which ______.
    [     ]
    A. people have not cared about
    B. is nothing compared with other diseases
    C. has led to many deaths
    D. is very serious
    4. What can we learn from the text?
    [     ]
    A. The Mandometer will be put into market once it proves effective.
    B. The Mandometer is cheap enough for every family to afford.
    C. The Mandometer is still not perfect.
    D. Slow eating is sure to make people lose weight.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
                                                                       On Anger
          Doctors say anger can be an extremely harmful emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn
    that angry feelings can lead to heart disease, stomach problem, headaches, emotional problems and possibly
    cancer.
          Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a calm
    reasonable way. Others burst with anger, losing control of themselves. But other people repress their anger.
    They cannot or will not express it.
          For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person's health than
    expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones (激素) that are
    produced during tense situations. They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, or sugar into the blood and
    narrow the blood vessels to the interstices (空隙). In general, the person feels excited and ready to act.
          Doctors said that repressing these feelings only makes the feelings continue. And this can lead to many
    medical problems. Doctors thought a person could prevent these problems by letting the anger out by
    expressing it freely. But recently some doctors held a different view. They said that people who express anger
    repeatedly and violently did become, in fact, more and not less angry. They said this, too, can cause medical
    problems. 
          Some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those
    who express anger strongly may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep
    their anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure.
          Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are
    angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious, enough to get angry
    about. If it is, they say, "Do not express your anger while angry. Wait until your anger has cooled down and
    you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably."
    1. Repressing anger was considered to be dangerous because of all the following EXCEPT that _____.
    [     ]
    A. the heart rate increases
    B. the blood pressure rises
    C. the blood contains sugar
    D. some blood vessels become thinner
    2. Which of the following is the more recent view about the expression of anger?
    [     ]
    A. It is dangerous to express anger repeatedly or repress one's anger.
    B. One can avoid his medical problems by expressing his anger freely.
    C. One's heart rate will increase if his anger is repressed.
    D. One is likely to suffer from high blood pressure in a fit of great anger.
    3. When you get angry, which of the following should you do for the sake of health?
    [     ]
    A. Repressing the anger.
    B. Expressing the anger.
    C. Treating the anger properly.
    D. Learning how to make a deal.
    4. What is the central topic of this passage about?
    [     ]
    A. The different ways of dealing with anger.
    B. The dangers of anger and the solution.
    C. New medical discoveries.
    D. The argument between the new and old views about anger.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          It's not always easy to eat healthy foods when others seem to eat whatever they want. Follow the tips and
    know that it will make a difference in your life.
          What about sweet foods?
          Everyone likes the taste of sweet foods! Small amounts of sweet foods can be part of a healthy meal plan.
    Sugary foods include soda, sweetened fruit drinks, honey, and candy. Desserts such as cakes, pies, cookies,
    and ice cream contain a lot of fat as well as sugar. If you choose to eat any of these sweet foods, just have a
    small amount at the end of a healthy meal. Have a piece of fruit if you are still hungry. Drink water, sugar-free
    soda, and sugar-free fruit drinks, if you are thirsty, instead of drinks that are all high in sugars.
          How much should you eat?
          Your height, weight, age, whether you are a boy or a girl, and how active you are will affect how much
    food you need to eat each day to stay at a healthy weight. Everyone is different. Talk to your doctor or diet
    expert about how much to eat, especially if you need to lose weight. If you take in more food than your body
    burns, you will gain weight. If you take in less food than your body burns, you will lose weight. Being active
    and eating smaller amounts of food and fewer sweet or fatty foods can help overweight kids lose weight in a
    healthy way. You will keep your heart healthy, too.
    1. Which of the following desserts is NOT mentioned in the passage?
    [     ]
    A. Cakes.
    B. Pies.
    C. Cheese.
    D. Cookies.
    2. How much we should eat will depend on the following EXCEPT ______.
    [     ]
    A. our body size
    B. the time we spend taking exercise
    C. how old we are
    D. the money our family earns
    3. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
    [     ]
    A. The more food our body burns, the faster we will lose weight.
    B. The more food we eat, the more food our body will burn.
    C. The more active we are, the more food we need to eat.
    D. The more food we eat, the more weight we will gain
    4. The author advises overweight children to ______.
    [     ]
    A. eat healthy foods and take regular exercise
    B. pay much attention to their heart health
    C. keep foods containing sugar and fat away
    D. talk to their doctor and join a health club

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Would you eat a ready meal from the fridge rather than cook from scratch? Have you been doing internet
    shopping rather than going to the stores? What can't you be bothered to do?
          A study into how lazy British people are has found more than half of adults are so idle they'd catch the lift
    rather than climb two flights of stairs.
          Just over 2000 people were quizzed by independent researchers at Nuffield Health, Britain's largest health
    charity. The results were startling.
          About one in six people surveyed said if their remote control was broken, they would continue watching
    the same channel rather than get up.
          More than one third of those questioned said they would not run to catch a bus. Worryingly, of the 654
    respondents with children, 64% said they were often too tired to play with them.
          This led the report to conclude that it's no wonder that one in six children in the UK are classified as obese
    before they start school.
          Dr Sarah Dauncey, medical director of Nuffield Health, said: "People need to get fitter, not just for their
    own sake, but for the sake of their families, friends and evidently their pets too. "If we don't start to take
    control of this problem, a whole generation will become too unfit to perform even the most rudimentary of
    tasks."
          And Scotland's largest city, Glasgow, was shamed as the most indolent city in the UK, with 75% surveyed
    admitting they do not get enough exercise, followed closely by Birmingham and Southampton, both with 67%.
          The results pose serious challenges for the National Health Service, where obesity-related illnesses such
    as heart disease and cancer have been on a steady increase for the past 40 years and are costing billions of
    pounds every year.
    1. How many people questioned don't play with their children?
    [     ]
    A. 1280.
    B. More than 333.
    C. 654.
    D. About 420.
    2. The study leads us to believe that _____.
    [     ]
    A. the pets in the UK will be in trouble if their owners keep their way of life
    B. Glasgow people feel ashamed because they don't get enough exercise
    C. British people are the laziest around the world
    D. five sixths of the British children are healthy
    3. How does the author convince the readers?
    [     ]
    A. By presenting the results of a study.
    B. By providing answers to questions.
    C. By interviewing some experts.
    D. By telling a story.
    4. What is the passage mainly about?
    [     ]
    A. A study of British people's laziness.
    B. A study of British people's lifestyles.
    C. The health service in the UK.
    D. The obesity problem in the UK.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          The medical world is gradually realizing that the quality of the environment in hospitals may play a
    significant role in the process of recovery from illness.
          As part of a nationwide effort in Britain to bring art out of the galleries (画廊) and into public places,
    some of the country's most gifted artists have been called in to change older hospitals and to soften the hard
    edges of modern buildings. Of the 2,500 National Health Service hospitals in Britain, almost 100 now have
    significant collections of modern art in corridors (走道), waiting areas and treatment rooms.
          These recent initiatives(new plans) owe a great deal to one artist, Peter Senior, who set up his studio at
    a Manchester Hospital in Northeastern England during the early 1970s. He felt the artist had lost his place in
    modern society, and that art should be enjoyed by a wider audience. 
          A common hospital waiting room might have as many as 5,000 visitors each week. What a better place
    to hold regular exhibitions of art and paintings, in the outpatients waiting area of the Manchester Royal
    Hospital in 1975. Believed to be Britain's first hospital artist, Senior was so much in demand that he was soon
    joined by a team of six young art school graduations. 
         The effect is striking. Now in the corridors and waiting rooms, the visitor experiences a full view of fresh
    colors, playful images and restful courtyard.
         The quality of the environment may reduce the need for expense when a patient is recovering from an
    illness. A study has shown that patients who had a view onto a garden needed half the number of strong
    painkillers compared with patients who had no view at all or only a brick wall to look at.
    1. What does the author mean by using the phrase "to soften the hard edge of modern buildings" in the second
         paragraph?
    [     ]
    A. To hold exhibitions of art and paintings in hospitals.
    B. To tear down the old hospital and build a new one.
    C. To decorate hospitals with art collection.
    D. To paint the walls of hospitals in soft colors.
    2. What is true about Peter Senior?
    [     ]
    A. A famous doctor in Manchester Hospital and a gifted artist.
    B. Britain's first hospital artist and a patient in Manchester Royal Hospital.
    C. One of the six young art school graduations.
    D. A gifted artist and a pioneer introducing art into hospitals.
    3. According to Peter Senior, we can infer that _____.
    [     ]
    A. modern hospitals have a lot of patients
    B. art is not appreciated by a large number of people in modern society
    C. patients should be encouraged to learn painting
    D. artists can not find their positions in modern society
    4. What does the last paragraph suggest?
    [     ]
    A. The improvement of hospital environment may help the patients recover from illness.
    B. The improvement of hospital environment may cost the patients more than before.
    C. The patients needed no painkillers when they had a view of a painting.
    D. The patients had no pain at all after the improvement of hospital environment.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Do you love holidays but hate the increase weight that follow? You are not alone.
          Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the
    weight that comes along with these delicious foods. 
          With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but
    not to eat too much. You don't have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions
    may be of some help to you.
          Don't miss meals. Before you leave home for a feast (宴会), have a small, low-fat snack. This may help
    to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. 
          Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables.
          A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full.
          Use a small plate; a large plate will encourage you to have more than enough.
          Better not have high-fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them.
          Choose lean meat. Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables.
          If you have a sweet tooth, try mints (薄荷) and fruits. They don't have fat content as cream and chocolate.
          Don't let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20 minute walk after a meal can help burn off excess
    calories.
    1. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may ______.
    [     ]
    A. bring weight problems
    B. bring you much trouble in your life
    C. make you worried about your foods
    D. make you hate delicious foods
    2. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, you d 'better ______.
    [     ]
    A. drink much water and have vegetables only
    B. not eat too much food in high fat
    C. not accept invitations to feasts
    D. turn away from delicious foods
    3. According to the passage, ______ is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight.
    [     ]
    A. vegetables
    B. water
    C. calorie of energy
    D. physical exercise
    4. Many people can't help putting on weight after the holidays because they ______.
    [     ]
    A. can't control themselves
    B. go to too many feasts
    C. enjoy delicious foods
    D. can't help turning away from the foods
    5. Excess calories can be found in your body in the form of ______.
    [     ]
    A. energy
    B. fat
    C. food
    D. something invisible

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
          Where and how you eat are just as important as what you eat. Take this test to find your eating style
    to make sure you're getting the nutrition (营养) you need.
          Which statements sound like you? 
          ● Group 1:
          □ I like to make my plate look pretty before I dig in for the first bite.
          □ I often help my parents make recipes.
          □ I could win the first prize in the "World's Slowest Eater" contest.
          ● Group 2:
          □ The crumbs (面包屑) in the sofa are mine-I eat while watching TV.
          □ I can finish a whole box of snacks quickly while I'm doing something else.
          □ Sometimes I'm surprised to find my plate empty. Where did all the food go? 
          ● Group 3:
          □ Sometimes I eat my dinner standing up. 
          □ I spend more time in the drive-through than at the dinner table.
          □ Breakfast? Who has time for breakfast?
          If you answered mostly Group 1: You enjoy everything about food, from cooking it to enjoying it at
    the table. Eating slowly is a good thing-it gives your brain time to know when you are full.
          If you answered mostly Group 2: You can do lots of things at once. But if you eat while you're
    distracted (精神不集中), you won't really enjoy your food and might eat more than you need. Instead of
    snacking while you watch TV or do homework, look for other things to do with your hands.
          If you answered mostly Group 3: You're really busy. Try to make time for at least one sit-down meal
    a day. When you're on the go, don't eat salty, high-fat foods just because they're convenient. Pack healthy
    snacks in small bags that you can eat on your way out the door.
    1. The passage is mainly about _____.
    [     ]
    A. how to keep healthy
    B. whether you eat a balanced diet
    C. what your eating style is
    D. how to form a good eating habit
    2. Which of the following matches Group 1?
    [     ]
    A. I like washing plates.
    B. I love buying cookers.
    C. I enjoy doing cooking by myself.
    D. I do everything slowly and carefully.
    3. If Tom answered mostly Group 2, which advice will you give him?
    [     ]
    A. Place healthy snacks at hand while doing homework.
    B. Hold a ball in his hand while watching TV.
    C. Eat high-fat foods slowly and carefully.
    D. Help his parents make recipes now and then.
    4. The underlined word "drive-through" (in Group 3) refers to _____.
    [     ]
    A. a place where you can buy food without leaving your car
    B. a dining car from which you can buy food
    C. a company which can send food to your home
    D. a restaurant where people eat at the dinner table

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         The island nation of Tuvalu (图瓦卢) in the Pacific Ocean wants the bigger countries of the world to do
    something about climate change. And it's not just for the good of the planet: Tuvalu could be covered by the
    sea in less than 50 years if the planet gets much hotter.
         Tuvalu has no industry, burns little petrol, and creates less carbon pollution than a small town in America.
    However, this tiny place is on the front line of climate change. The increase in ocean temperatures and the
    rising sea level -all resulted from a warming atmosphere-are making trouble for Tuvalu.
         Sea level rise is the greatest problem. With an average elevation (高度) of 6 feet above sea level, Tuvalu
    doesn't have far to go. Tuvalu's highest elevation is 4.6 meters-15 feet-but most of it is no more than a meter
    above the sea. Several times each year the regular lunar cycle of tides (潮水), riding on the ever higher sea
    level, brings the Pacific waters over onto roads and into neighborhoods. Sometimes a high tide can flood roads
    and run across the whole land. You can never separate the sea from the land, so some natives warned visitors,
    "You'd better not run after dark, for you may fall into the sea."
    1. What is the greatest problem Tuvalu is facing now?
    [     ]
    A. It has no industry at all.
    B. It has little petrol to burn.
    C. It will sink into the sea in the near future.
    D. The climate there has changed much.
    2. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
    [     ]
    A. Tuvalu is a small country.
    B. Tuvalu doesn't create much carbon pollution.
    C. Most of Tuvalu is no more than a meter above the sea.
    D. A small town in America is on the front line of climate change.
    3. What is the title of this passage?
    [     ]
    A. Endangered Tuvalu
    B. Tuvalu, an Island Nation
    C. Flooded Tuvalu
    D. Global Warming

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         Early rising is helpful in more than one way. First, it helps us to have good health. We all need fresh air.
    It makes our health better to take morning exercises. The air is never so fresh as early in the morning. Early
    rising helps us in our studies. In the morning we learn more quickly and find it easy to learn something by
    heart.
         Early rising makes people able to plan the work for the day. We can't work well without a good plan. Just
    as the plan for the year should be made in the spring, the plan for a day should be made in the morning. Early
    rising gives us enough time to get ready for our work, such as to wash our hands and eat our breakfast. So
    the popular saying says, "Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise."
    1. What does "early rising" mean in the passage?
    [     ]
    A. waking up
    B. getting up
    C. have breakfast
    D. making a day's plan
    2. Why does the passage advise us to take exercises early in the morning?
    [     ]
    A. Because we can save much time.
    B. Because we are not busy in the morning.
    C. Because air in the morning is very fresh.
    D. Because we don't need to prepare for breakfast.
    3. We can work well with _____.
    [     ]
    A. enough time
    B. a good reading
    C. clean hands
    D. a good plan

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         This is not a diet. It's a simple way to lose weight And you don't even have to give up the food you love
    or join a gym. You just follow some habits that thin people have. Keep them, and you'll become thin.
          (1)Wake-up
          When you wake up in the morning, sit up slowly without using your hands. With legs straight out, bend
    (弯曲) forward until you feel sore in your back. It will burn about 10 calories (热量单位, 卡路里).
          (2)Start with soup
          When you have a meal, order a clear soup, and have it before having the main food. In this way, you'll
    feel fuller, so you'll eat less when the main food comes. 
          (3)An apple (or more) a day
          Apples are full of fiber (纤维) and water, so your stomach will want less. The study shows that people
    who eat at least three apples a day lose weight.
          (4)Stand up and walk around
          Every time you use the mobile phone, stand up and walk around. Heavy people sit on average (平均) two
    and a half hours more each day than thin people. This skill is very important as standing up and walking
    around will burn 50 or more calories.
          Use these skills, and you will have a big weight loss.
    1. What should we have first if we want to eat less main food?
    [     ]
    A. Soup.
    B. Ice cream.
    C. Salad.
    D. Cheese.
    2. Why does eating apples make one's stomach want less food?
    [     ]
    A. Because apples are delicious.
    B. Because apples are full of fiber and water.
    C. Because apples are sour.
    D. Because only apples are filled with calories.
    3. Which of the following may the author disagree?
    [     ]
    A. Sitting up slowly without using your hands helps burn calories.
    B. Eating apples every day is good for people's health.
    C. You have to join a gym if you want to lose weight.
    D. It' s good to walk around while talking on the mobile phone.
    4. What's the purpose of the passage?
    [     ]
    A. To give some advice on how to lose weight.
    B. To advise people to eat apples every day.
    C. To tell people how to enjoy a better life.
    D. To advise people to give up bad habits.
    5. In which part of a newspaper would you most probably read the passage?
    [     ]
    A. Shopping.
    B. Teaching.
    C. Family.
    D. Health.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
    Dear Editor (编辑),
         I used to be a doctor in a children's hospital. Sometimes I treated children who had been poisoned (中毒)
    by medicines for older family members. The children didn't know the medicine was dangerous; they just knew
    it tasted sweet. Children easily opened the bottle that we now use in China.
         Some days ago I talked about medicine with an American. He showed me a kind of plastic bottle. The
    design was very quite simple and I'm sure our Chinese factories could produce these bottles. The top of the
    bottle locks but can be opened by pressing down on it while turning. This is difficult for most young children
    to do, though grown-ups can open these bottles very easily.
         I'm certain that the price of making such tops would be very low. As a doctor, I'd love to see this done.
    And most parents would be grateful.
                                                                                                                                                   Yours,
                                                                                                                                                    Li Hua
    1. The writer's job in the hospital was mainly to _____.
    [     ]
    A. treat sick children
    B. treat poisoned children
    C. give medicine to people
    D. give medicine to children
    2. The doctor seems to be _____.
    [     ]
    A. happy about China's hospital
    B. angry with what has happened
    C. anxious to solve the problem
    D. pleased with his invention
    3. The doctor thinks that we should _____.
    [     ]
    A. study the Americans
    B. buy that kind of bottle
    C. produce this kind of plastic bottle
    D. turn to Americans for help
    4. The letter was written to the editor to ask for _____.
    [     ]
    A. money from the newspaper
    B. the plastic bottles from the readers
    C. medicine from the editor
    D. support from the public

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         On a rainy day, you will see many streams of muddy (多泥的) water running down the slopes (山坡) of
    a hill. The water is muddy because it washes away soil from the hill slopes.
          Sometimes soil is blown away by strong winds. When the soil is carried away by water or wind, we say
    that the land is eroded (侵蚀). This is known as soil erosion.
          Plants cannot grow on eroded land. There is not enough soil on eroded land to give them the things they
    need. Plants need water and salts from the soil. 
          We can do a number of things to stop soil erosion. This is called soil conservation (保护).
          One way of soil conservation on flat, open ground is to grow small plants such as grasses. Their roots
    hold the soil tightly together. Another way is to plant trees around an open field. Thus soil erosion by strong
    winds cannot take place. Rows of trees act as a very big wall.
          Soil erosion on slopes can be stopped by cutting "steps" called terraces (梯田). Water carrying soil cannot
    run straight down the slope now. It has to run down the terraces. This slows down the flow of the water.
    Most of the soil in the water is left behind on the terraces.
          There are some other ways of soil conservation.
    1. On a rainy day the water running down the slopes of a hill is muddy because _____.
    [     ]
    A. there is no terrace on the slopes
    B. there is no small plant on the slopes
    C. it washes away soil from the slopes
    D. there is too much soil on the slopes
    2. Plants cannot grow on eroded land because _____.
    [     ]
    A. there is a lot of sand
    B. there is not enough water and salts
    C. there is no water
    D. the land is too hard
    3. One way of soil conservation on flat, open ground is _____.
    [     ]
    A. to grow small plants such as grasses
    B. to plant trees around an open field
    C. to add fertilizer to the soil
    D. A and B
    4. From the passage we learn that there are _____ ways to reserve soil.
    [     ]
    A. only three
    B. two
    C. more than three
    D. six

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         Africa is home to nearly 700 lakes and rivers. It holds the largest amount of water on earth. Because of
    the overuse of the lakes, natural climate changes and other factors (因素), these lakes are disappearing quickly.
         Millions of people in Africa depend on water sources like lakes and rivers for their daily water. In other
    words, they cannot live without these lakes and rivers. Recent studies by the United Nations show that this
    loss of water supply is putting a great pressure on the African population.
         In the 1960s, Lake Chad was nearly 83,200 square feet large. In about forty years, it has lost 95% of its
    size and it has almost completely dried up. At one time, it was one of the largest lakes in the world, and was
    around 960,000 square feet around 6,000 years ago.
         The sizes of lakes and rivers and the amount of water have something to do with seasons naturally. But,
    pollution and agriculture also play an important part in the loss of water. Many pollutants (污染物) are put into
    lakes and rivers so that many lakes and rivers are seriously polluted, and the water may be poisonous (有毒的).
    If something isn't done soon about the disappearing lakes and rivers, there will not be enough water for
    everyone. Then many people in Africa will face diseases and possible dehydration (脱水).
    1. What can we infer from the first paragraph?
    [     ]
    A. There are about 700 lakes and rivers in Africa.
    B. Africa is the largest continent on earth.
    C. As climate changes, there is less and less water in Africa.
    D. Now Africa has less water than before.
    2. The figures in the third paragraph show _____.
    [     ]
    A. more and more lakes are drying up
    B. Lake Chad was a large lake
    C. how quickly water is being lost in Africa
    D. Lake Chad is 4,160 square feet now
    3. Which of the following is NOT one of the results of the loss of water in Africa?
    [     ]
    A. African people's daily life is affected.
    B. Agriculture develops quickly.
    C. The number of population in Africa will be smaller.
    D. Many people will suffer from diseases.
    4. What is the purpose of the passage?
    [     ]
    A. To explain why lakes and rivers are disappearing in Africa.
    B. To show people the results of the loss of water in Africa.
    C. To call on people to solve the problem of the loss of water in Africa.
    D. To tell people how to protect the lakes and rivers in Africa.

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
         Do you know about a series of books that say they are "for dummies"? These American self-help books
    have been translated into more than thirty-nine languages including Chinese, Arabic, Russian, French, German,
    Greek and Spanish.
         "Dummy" is a word for a stupid person. The dummies books are not really for stupid people. They are
    designed to show people how to do something they may never have tried before, like painting a house or
    learning a language. The books all say in a funny way that they are for dummies, such as World History for
    Dummies, Rabbits for Dummies, Chinese Cooking for Dummies, and Wedding Planning for Dummies. The
    first such book, DOS for Dummies, was published in 1991. It helped people learn how to use the DOS
    operating system for computers. Since then, more than one hundred fifty million dummies books have been
    sold.
         The dummies.com website explains the idea behind the books. It says that they show that people can be
    taught to do anything. First they can make fun of ideas that are difficult to understand. Then they show how
    the information can be interesting and easy. The publishers say that the books do not provide more information
    than necessary. They give readers just enough information to do what they want. They say that the dummies
    books give the best and easiest way to do something. And the books use simple and easy language.
         There are more than one thousand different dummies books. A report in New York Times says that the
    top-selling dummies books are those that explain technology and personal finance.
         The publishers say that the best-selling dummies books are those providing information many people need-
    like information about diseases, education and cooking. People interested in opera, car repair and wine can also
    find dummies books to help them. And there are even more dummies books to come. The publishers say that
    they publish about two hundred new dummies books every year.
    1. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
    [     ]
    A. Books for Dummies
    B. The Easiest, the Best
    C. Self-Help Books
    D. New Ideas behind the Books
    2. According to the dummies.com website, people can _____ with the help of dummies books.
    [     ]
    A. simplify some personal things
    B. do anything they want
    C. become expert in any field
    D. learn any foreign language
    3. The dummies books have been popular because _____.
    [     ]
    A. they provide just what is needed and are easy to understand
    B. they provide abundant information on the concerning subject
    C. people can learn to do anything with just one copy
    D. people can save lots of money through self-teaching
    4. According to New York Times, we know that books on _____ sell best.
    [     ]
    A. technology and personal finance
    B. opera and car repairing
    C. diseases and education
    D. cooking and world history

    查看解析

  • 阅读理解。
        The world itself is becoming much smaller by using modern traffic and modern communication means.
    Life today is much easier than it was hundreds of years ago, but it has brought new problems. One of the
    biggest problems is pollution. To pollute means to make things dirty. Pollution comes in many ways. We
    see it, smell it, drink it and even hear it.
         Man has been polluting the earth. The more people, the more pollution. Many years ago, the problem
    was not so serious because there were not so many people. When the land was used up or the river was
    dirty in one place, man moved to another place. But this is no longer true.
         Man is now slowly polluting the whole world.
         Air pollution is still the most serious. It's bad for all living things in the world, but it is not the only one
    kind of pollution. Water pollution kills our fish and pollutes our drinking water. Noise pollution makes us
    angry more easily.
         Many countries are making rules to fight pollution. They stop people from burning coal in houses and
    factories in the city, and from putting dirty smoke into the air. Pollution by SO2 is now the most dangerous
    kind of air pollution. It is caused by heavy traffic. We are sure that if there are fewer people driving, there
    will be less air pollution. 
         The earth is our home. We must take care of it. That means keeping the land, water and air clean. And
    we must take care of the rise in pollution at the same time.
    1. _____, our world is becoming much smaller.
    [     ]
    A. Because of the rise in pollution
    B. Thanks to science development
    C. Because the earth is being polluted day and night
    D. Because the earth is blown away by the wind every year
    2. Hundreds of years ago, life was _____ it is today.
    [     ]
    A. much easier than
    B. as easy as
    C. much harder than
    D. as hard as
    3. Pollution comes in many ways. We can even hear it. Here "it" means _____.
    [     ]
    A. rubbish (垃圾)
    B. noise pollution
    C. air pollution
    D. water pollution
    4. Which of the following is NOT true?
    [     ]
    A. Many countries are making rules to fight pollution.
    B. The pollution of the earth grows as fast as the world population does.
    C. The problem of pollution is not so serious because there are not so many people living on the earth.
    D. If people could go to work by bus or bike instead of car or motorbike, it would be helpful in fighting
         against the problem of SO2.

    查看解析